What you should know about pregnancy termination – “Pentru viata” (“For Life”) magazine, no. 1/Spring 2013

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Abortion has become so common, that people have lost on its significance. Since the US Supreme Court of Justice has made abortion on demand legal, over 46 million abortions have been registered in the USA.

In China, where having more than one child is mostly illegal, there are 800,000 registered abortions annually in one Chinese province only. The estimated annual umber of aborted babies around the world is 46 million.

Despite the fact that this phenomenon represents a key-problem in the contemporary society, most people have no idea what abortion actually is.

Therefore, they should know abortion means prematurely extracting the baby from its mother’s womb. It is done intentionally, through external force.

Types of induced abortion

1. Therapeutic abortion

The procedure is performed when the pregnancy threatens the mother’s life. Their incidence rate makes up only a very small percentage of the total number of abortions performed annually.

2. Eugenic abortion

The procedure is performed when the baby is diagnosed with a mental or physical disability. The mother can chose abortion so that she can avoid raising a handicapped child.

3. Abortion on demand

The procedure is performed even though there isn’t any threat on the mother’s or even the child’s health – the motivation is usually of personal, financial or emotional nature.

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Abortion methods

Non-surgical abortion: Administering saline solution followed by a prostaglandin

Prostaglandins are hormones which induce labor. An artificial prostaglandin is injected into the amniotic fluid, inducing violent labor and the birth of an incompletely developed child who will not be able to survive. First a saline solution is introduced into the womb, poisoning the baby by burning its skin. This procedure simplifies the nurses’ work, as the child will be stillborn.

Non-surgical abortion: RU-486 (Mifepristone/Mifeprex) / Metotrexate

One of the most common non-surgical methods used is administering the RU-486 (Mifepristone/Mifeprex) and Metotrexate pills. They are used for pregnancies from 20 weeks upwards and they destroy the uterus lining. They are administered orally or intra-muscularly and contain prostaglandin which induces labor and enables the elimination of the dead baby.

Surgical procedure: Dilation and suction curettage

The cervix is dilated and then a tube is introduced in the womb. Then, with a curette, the child is ripped from the uterus and cut into pieces. The pieces are then aspirated through the cervix. In the end, the extracted parts of the baby need to be reassembled to make sure nothing has remained inside, because this may cause an infection.

Surgical procedure: Manual vacuum aspiration

The cervix is manually dilated with a sort of rods to allow introducing an aspiration tube made of plastic. The aspiration force is 28 times higher than that of a household aspirator and it tears to pieces the baby’s developing body, absorbing its remains into a container.

Surgical procedure: Partial birth abortion

It is a heinous method used after the 20th week of gestation. The baby is partially extracted from the womb legs first, except the head. The base of its skull is then being punctured while it is still in the woman’s womb and the baby’s brains are suctioned, which makes the skull collapse and the dead baby easily and totally extractible.

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